Certain Taxpayers May Need to File an Amended Return

May 8, 2023

Taxpayers who reported certain state 2022 tax refunds as taxable income may need to file an amended tax return. Affected taxpayers include those who filed before February 10, 2023, and meet certain requirements. Taxpayers who used a tax professional should consult with them to determine whether an amended return is necessary.

Background

Details clarifying the federal tax status regarding special payments made to taxpayers by 21 states in 2022 were clarified by the IRS on February 10, 2023. During their review, it was determined that the IRS would not challenge the taxability of state payments related to general welfare and disaster relief in the interest of sound tax administration and other factors. As a result, taxpayers in many states did not need to report these payments on their 2022 federal tax returns.

Which Taxpayers are Affected?

Taxpayers in the following states do not need to report these state payments on their 2022 tax return: Alaska (applies only to the special supplemental Energy Relief Payment), California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Maine, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Oregon, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island.

Also, many people in Georgia, Massachusetts, South Carolina, and Virginia will not include special state 2022 tax refunds as income for federal tax purposes if they meet certain requirements. For these individuals, state payments will not be included for federal tax purposes if the payment is a refund of state taxes paid and the recipient either claimed the standard deduction for tax year 2022 or itemized their tax year 2022 deductions but did not receive a tax benefit.

Taxpayers can also view a listing of individual states and the federal tax treatment of their special state refunds or rebates listed on this State Payments chart at IRS.gov.

What Taxpayers Should Do Next

Before filing an amended return, taxpayers who filed before February 10 in these areas and met these requirements should check their tax return to make sure they paid tax on a state refund. If an amended return is needed, taxpayers who submitted their original 2022 tax return electronically can also file their amended return electronically and may select direct deposit for any resulting refund. Electronic filing cuts out the mail time, and including direct deposit information on an electronically submitted form provides a convenient and secure way to receive refunds faster.

Taxpayers also have the option to submit a paper version of Form 1040-X, Amended U.S Individual Income Tax Return, and receive a paper check. Direct deposit is not available on amended returns submitted on paper, however. Taxpayers should follow the instructions for preparing the paper form and mail the amended return to:

Department of the Treasury
Internal Revenue Service
Austin, TX 73301-0052

As always, don’t hesitate to contact the office if you have questions about this or any other tax topics affecting your tax situation.

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